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Climate Change is Fuelling Global Hunger: Are We All in Danger?

The number of extreme weather disasters has rapidly increased since the 1990s. As a result of a decrease in harvest, food prices are raised. Climate change is not a trend that goes away with time. The models predict higher average global temperatures with hotter extremes, rising sea levels in coastal areas, and draughts in other places. Did you know that the drought in the horn of Africa was the worst in the last forty years?

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Climate Change and Hunger Work Simultaneously

While climate change is difficult to understand, its impact of it on humans is tangible and clear. Due to global warming, millions of people around the world go to bed hungry. Here’s how climate change and hunger work simultaneously.

Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture

Water scarcity, food, high temperature, droughts, and high co2 concentration in the atmosphere affect staple crops worldwide. Wheat and corn production has rapidly decreased over the years due to an increase in plant diseases, weather events, and water crises worldwide. 

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, 80% of the cause behind unpredictable cereal crop harvest in places such as the Sahel in Africa is due to the changing climate. In other countries like Vietnam, and Bangladesh, the rise in sea levels imposes a different threat to food insecurity issues. The farmlands in the coastal area are flooded with salt water killing the crops. Since the country’s rice production takes place in Mekon Delta, a minor flood in Vietnam causes huge damage to the crops. 

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Climate Change Results in Limited Food Access

Climate change not only affects food production and agriculture but also affects the accessibility and availability of food to the people. The supply and demand industry has a major impact due to climate change. After the suspension of international trade due to covid-19, there has been a huge interruption in the food system. 

Several countries depicted as the hungriest, rely on agriculture as their main industry. It means that the families eat and keep what their harvests are bringing in. There are “hungry seasons”, where the crops are placed and not yet ready to harvest. The families often skip one or two meals until the harvest season comes up. In some situations, hunger prolongs for more than the expected time period. 

Nutrition Value of Food Decreases with Climate Change

Malnutrition and hunger are both quantity and quality issues, which are both affected due to climate change. According to studies, the high concentration of carbon dioxide in plants reduces zinc, iron, and protein content. An estimated 175 million people by 2050 might develop deficiencies in zinc, and 122 million people might suffer from protein deficiency.

Other than plant-based nutrition, climate change affects livestock quality, which depends on similar resources such as growing, eating, and producing eggs, milk, or meat. 36% of drought losses are a result of goats, cattle, and livestock, along with 49% of drought-related losses. The extremities of climate also impose a direct threat to fish species, especially in Southeast Asia. 

Climate Change Might Lead to Food Waste

Even if a harvest is good, due to the climate change crisis the food often goes to waste. The high-drought crops are often shifted to humid storage facilities that leave them vulnerable to pests and fungal infestations. Rain often leads to flooding and produces toxic molds on the crops.

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN, around one-third of the food produced by farmers is lost between the market and the field in middle and low-income countries. In high-income countries, a similar amount is wasted between the table and the market. At present, the food system shares 21 to 37% of greenhouse gases which means that the food losses add up to the climate crisis but have nothing to do with malnutrition levels.

How is PayBito’s Brokering World Hunger Movement Helping?

Climate change is causing huge pressure on agriculture and global food production, and also becoming a leading cause of global hunger. PayBito is a US-based crypto exchange platform and has recently debuted as the world’s first crypto broker program for institutional investors, and individual brokers. The Brokering world hunger away campaign started as an aim to promote their new program, and also as an initiative to contribute to the global hunger crisis. 

PayBito has decided to spend the same amount of money the brokers earn as a commission from their crypto broker platform to feed hungry children around the world. The exchange has recognized that hunger is turning into a human catastrophe. While climate change is something we cannot easily address, hunger problems can be resolved with the effort of everyone. Join hands with PayBito and help contribute to the Global hunger crisis and end hunger once and for all.

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